Hope and wish have very similar meanings. We use both to express our desire for something. Here’s the difference:
‘To hope‘ is used to express desire for something that is possible or likely to happen.
- “I hope it will stop raining soon.”
- “I hope you’ll visit me when you come to Boston.”
- “I hope Nadeem gets the job.”
When hope is used in the past tense, it usually means that the thing hoped for didn’t happen:
- “I hoped Fatima would have finished by now.” (she hasn’t)
- “I hoped you wouldn’t find out about the surprise.” (but you probably have)
‘To wish‘ is often used to express desire for something that is impossible or unlikely, something imagined:
- “I wish we were rich.”
- “I wish unicorns were real!”
*Note that we use the past simple here even though we are talking about the present.
It can also be used to express regret for something that has already happened.
- “I wish Fatima had finished her project.”
- “I wish you hadn’t found out about the surprise.”
*Here we use the past perfect tense.
‘Wish‘ paired with an infinitive expresses a desire to do something:
- “It’s getting cooler out, I wish to go inside now.”
It’s no fun to mix up these two words. Let’s look at the difference between the two:
Fun (n) means pleasure and enjoyment: “We had a lot of fun on our trip.” It can also be used as an adjective: “We did lots of fun (enjoyable) activities while we were in the city.”
Funny (adj) means causing laughter or amusement…
- “Hahahaha! I’ve heard that story a million times and it’s still funny!”
BUT, it can also mean that something is or feels…
- strange: “There’s something funny about that man’s shoes.”
- unwell: “My head feels funny, I think I need to lie down.”
- or even suspicious: A) You should drink this. It’s really, REALLY good. B) Why, what’s in it? You’re acting funny…
NOTE that funny does not mean enjoyable:
“Our school trip to New York was very funny.” incorrect
“Our school trip to New York was lots of fun.” correct
Have some fun and see what’s funny with VocabNetwork!
Everyday and every day are easy to confuse, so let’s look at the difference:
Everyday (adj) describes something that is used or seen every day, something ordinary or common.
- It was just an everyday meeting, you didn’t miss much.
- I need something fancier to wear than my everyday clothes.
Every day is a two word phrase used as an adverb.
- The Sun rises every day.
- Every day I walk my dog Scrappy.
- My Mom wants me to call her every day I’m away.
Advise and advice are easy to confuse, so let’s look at the difference:
ADVICE is a noun meaning an opinion or suggestion about what someone should do:
- “I’d like the advice of my teacher before I make a commitment.”
- “Take my advice and travel while you have the opportunity.”
- “I followed my friend’s advice and bought a bicycle.”
To ADVISE is a verb meaning to give advice to someone:
- “Dillon advised me to fix my roof before winter.”
- “Olive’s doctor advised her to stop smoking.”
- “I would advise against trying the fish. Get the chicken instead.”
Take our advice and practice these and more easily confused words on VocabNetwork! http://www.vocabnetwork.com/featured/blog/9899/